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[英语翻译硕士MTI] 【20年明德尚行教育】2020年广外MTI211翻译硕士英语专业课考研初试回忆真题

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发表于 2019-12-13 13:16:36 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 明德尚行考研 于 2019-12-25 13:31 编辑

【20年明德尚行教育】2020年广外MTI211翻译硕士英语专业课考研初试回忆真题
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2020年广东外语外贸大学广外MTI211翻译硕士英语专业基础专业课试题考研初试回忆真题
一、单选
单选--考固定搭配、语法多,结合新闻外刊来考。
有一题是机构用过的一篇讲翻译的文章,应该在《英语文摘》杂志2019上半年中的一篇文章中刊登过。
印象是没考名著挖空,感觉也没考近义词辨析
1.______ regulation, pricing and, most of all, how to deal with Huawei, is likely to slow European further.(选自《经济学人》)
A.Ambiguity upon    B. Uncertainty over    C. Problems of     D. Questions with

2.这一道题出自去年的篇章翻译真题
Yet if you want to understand where the world’s most powerful industry is heading, look not to Washington and California, _______ Brussels and Berlin.
A.but to     B. as to     C. rather than  
  D.我不记得了
二、阅读
1、教写作(黄金法则:read more and write more +多吸收各名家建议)
2、诺贝尔文学奖获得者(以今年的德国作家和另一位女作家,还有过往的一名作家为例)引发的争议
3、亚马逊的机器学习算法---问一些文段里的话是什么意思、暗示了什么之类的。
4、美国学校上课时间调整。出于青少年的特点考虑,下午学习效率更高之类的。但是遭到一些机构和家长的反对(引用了加州教师协会的例子)
Text2
It seems hard to believe that the Swedish Academy, which awards the Nobel prize in literature, did not know that it would be fanning the flames of Europe’s culture wars. On October 10th Olga Tokarczuk, a dreadlocked vegetarian feminist, won the prize for 2018. At the same time the 2019 award was given to Peter Handke, an Austrian whom many see as an apologist for genocide.
Last year the academy failed to award its prize because it was engulfed in a sex scandal. This year the two awards caused controversy which had nothing to do with the literary merits of either. One of Mr Handke’s most notorious books is his 1996 “Journey to the Rivers: Justice for Serbia”, which he published as part of his defence of Slobodan Milosevic and the wartime leaders of the Serbs. The award has sent shock waves through the former Yugoslavia and beyond.
Mr Handke has been a prolific and experimental writer since the 1960s. The Swedish Academy hailed him as “one of the most influential writers in Europe after the second world war”. But few wanted to discuss his literary merits in the wake of the award. Edi Rama, the prime minister of Albania, tweeted a vomit emoji before penning a full-scale denunciation of a man he said provided “an implicit amnesty and apology” for Milosevic’s “genocidal endeavour”.
In 2006 Mr Handke gave an oration at Milosevic’s funeral. During the wars he had repeated a Serbian propaganda line that Bosnian Muslims had killed their own people to elicit Western support. He also minimized what two international tribunals found to be genocide: the 1995 murder by Bosnian Serbs of some 8,000 Muslim men and boys at Srebrenica. Aleksandar Hemon, a Bosnian-American writer, called him “the Bob Dylan of genocide apologists”.
The other laureate, Ms Tokarczuk, upsets a different group of people. A staunch opponent of Poland’s nationalist ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party, she has been denounced as a traitor for supporting gay rights and suggesting that Poles should face up to unpleasant parts of their history, including the suppression of minorities and murder of Jews. Still, PiS ministers mostly managed to swallow their distaste. The minister of finance even said he was willing to waive the income tax due on her prize.


简答题两篇阅读都摘自外刊 The Economist
Text 1 (from the essay California gives teenagers a lie-in)
School starting times vary from an average of 7:48am in go-getting Mississippi to 8:31am in late-rising Connecticut. According to a survey by the National Centre for Education Statistics in. 2017-18, only in two states-Alaska and Connecticut- do schools tend to start after 8.30am, the earliest recommended by a number of medical organizations. That may soon change. On October 13th Gavin Newsom, California's governor, signed legislation which cuts 2.7m of the state's schoolchildren some slack, setting a limit on starting times of half past eight for high-schoolers and eight o'clock for middle schoolers, in the hope that pupils will benefit from the extra time in bed.
There is plenty of reason to think they will.Puberty alters circadian rhythms, meaning adolescents are more alert in the afternoon and require more sleep in the morning. A research review by epidemiologists at the Centres for Disease Control finds that later school starting times correspond with improved attendance, less tardiness, less falling asleep in class, better grades and even fewer crashes involving youngsters driving themselves to school. The RAND Corporation estimates that moving to a half-past eight start across the country would boost the economy by more than $8obnwithin a decade.
In response to the evidence, school districts across the country have begun to move start times back, but California is the first state to  take the leap. arents and unions are often bitterly opposed. The California Teachers Association vociferously resisted the change, citing the financial burden on schools as they adjust to the new hours, as well as the burden on parents who work as laborers or in the service industry, and cannot work later. Last year Mr Newsom’s predecessor, Jerry Brown, voted similar legislation, saying the decision should be left to school districts. “We should not sell the schedule from Sacramento,” implored one Californian assemblyman this time round.
Supporters argue that it is appropriate for the state to set a minimum health-and-welfare standards, as it does in other areas. The legislation includes carve-outs for schools in rural areas and at least a three- year implementation period. It will be up to school districts to decide whether to end the day later, or cut its length. Anthony ortantino, the Democratic state senator who introduced the legislation, believes evidence of the change's benefits will soon win over opponents in rural areas.“There really is no significant reason not to do this,' he says,“other than an overwhelming resistance to change from adults.” Which is an attitude many teenagers will be familiar with.
1)What’s the meaning of the phrases “go-getting Mississippi” and “late-rising Connecticut” in the first paragraph?
2)What’s your opinion about the sentence “Parents and unions are bitterly opposed.” ?(大致意思是这样的,具体的问题也记不太清了)
3)What is implied by the last sentence in the this passage?

Text 2 (from the essay AI at Amazon)
Machine learning is a form of artificial intelligence (AI) which mines data for patterns that can be used to make predictions. It took root at Amazon in 1999 when Jeff Wilke joined the firm. Mr Wilke, who today is second-in- command to Jeff Bezos, set up a team of scientists to study Amazon's internal processes in order to improve their efficiency. He wove his boffins into business units, turning a cycle of self-assessment and improvement into the default pattern. Soon the cycle involved machine-learning algorithms; the first one recommended books that customers might like. As Mr Bezos's ambitions grew, so did the importance of automated insights.
Yet whereas its fellow tech titans flaunt their Al prowess at every opportunity-Facebook's facial-recognition software, Apple's Siri digital assistant or Alphabet's self-driving cars and master go player-Amazon has adopted a lower-key approach to machine learning. Yes, its Alexa competes with Siri and the company offers predictive services in its cloud. But the algorithms mo st critical to the company's success are those it uses to constantly streamline its own operations. The feedback loop looks the same as in its consumer-facing Al: build a service, attract customers, gather data, and let computers learn from these data, all at a scale that human labour could not emulate.
Consider Amazon's fulfilment centres. These vast warehouses, more than 1 00 in North America and 60-odd around the world, are the beating heart of its $207bn online-shopping business. They store and dispatch the goods Amazon sells. Inside one on the outskirts of Seattle, packages hurtle along conveyor belts at the speed of a moped. The noise is deafening- and the facility seemingly bereft of humans. Instead, inside a fenced-off area the size of a football field sit thousands of yellow, cuboid shelving units, each six feet (1.8 metres) tall. Amazon calls them pods. Hundreds of robots shuffle these in and out of neat rows, sliding beneath them and dragging them around. Toothpaste, books and socks are stacked in a manner that appears random to a human observer. Through the lens of the algorithms guiding the process, though, it all makes supreme sense.
Human workers, or "associates" in company vernacular, man stations at gaps in the fence that surrounds this "robot field". Some pick items out of pods brought to them by a robot; others pack items into empty pods, to be whirred away and stored. Whenever they pick or place an item, they scan the product and the relevant shelf with a bar-code-style reader, so that the software can keep track.
1)What’s the meaning of the phrase “took root” in the first paragraph?
2)What’s implied in the last sentence in the last paragraph?


三、写作
关于香港问题,题目的中文意思大致是:香港最近发生了暴乱,有些人认为香港正在面临一些困境,有些人认为香港的法治遭到了破坏,国际名誉受损,对你,你有何看法?
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-12-23 12:59:21 | 显示全部楼层
@雫
微信图片_20191223125858.jpg
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-12-23 13:05:02 | 显示全部楼层
@KZ 微信图片_20191223130449.jpg
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-12-23 13:10:28 | 显示全部楼层
@No excuse
单选
30个题目,1分/题,今年全部出的是词汇题,没有语法题,而且单词和句子比较简单,都看得懂,但是理解不了,做不出题,词汇和词组辨析比较难。

阅读
阅读第一二篇是单选(2分/题),第三四篇是简答题(4分/题),今年阅读只有六级程度,很简单。
第一篇讲2018年诺贝尔文学奖获得者波兰作家奥尔加·托卡尔丘克和和2019年的诺贝尔文学奖奥地利作家彼得·汉德克,引起了巨大的争议,
第三篇Amazon, machine learning
(1)用自己的话解释took root原文Machine learning..It took root in Amazon when sb. went to the company.
(2)Whether they put. ..they will scan the books and relevant shelf with code-reader. .. 你的理解
第四篇美国school starting time的情况,社会各界的讨论,去学校早晚的不同观点和理由,各有道理。
(1)解释两个phrases: go-getting Mississippi和late-rising Connecticut
(2)对文中一些家长支持starting time更早一点的做法,对此谈谈你的看法。
(3)文中划线句子的理解

作文(400字):香港暴力威胁了法治、社会稳定、经济繁荣,你怎么看?
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-12-23 13:15:46 | 显示全部楼层
@tiamoTM
翻译硕士英语:
单选:
中国动车

第二篇阅读关于“写作是个很难的事情,即使是对于专业人士来说。而每个人都要提高自己的写作能力。”文章列举了几段不同人对于写作这件事看法。文章词汇量不大,一看就可以看明白。只要通读一遍,选择题也很容易选。

第四篇阅读是关于“美国不同城市所设定的学校上学时间,由此引发改革措施,其中家长和学校持反对意见,孩子们则赞成这种改变”

作文:
最近香港发生一系列暴力事件,给香港的经济、社会稳定、法律带来了毁灭性的影响。最重要的是,给香港这个以法治为主的地区的法律信誉带来了影响。暴徒们……请谈谈你的看法。
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-12-23 13:25:22 | 显示全部楼层
@Mless
一、单选
单选几乎不是考单个的单词,而是三到四个词语的搭配。其实根据语法就可以很容易排除四个选项里的两个,然后剩下的根据语义推断就可以。其实不难,只要题干能看懂,就没问题~
应对策略就是平时一定要阅读外刊,语感和基础知识都是日积月累出来的。

二、阅读
没啥好回忆的,阅读题目太简单了,只要文章看懂,题目不用动脑子。
前两篇为选择题
第一篇:怎么写作
第二篇:诺贝尔奖得主广受争议

后两篇为解答题
第三篇:(两道解答)机器学习 主要是paraphrase某个词组
第四篇:(三道解答)美国要延迟学生早晨的上课开始时间(据说这个还是很新一期的经济学人原文)选择文中 三个句子,用自己的话解释

三、作业
香港的暴乱导致地区法治受到威胁,经济衰退,What is your view?
近两年的广外作文风格可谓是鲜明,什么是国家当年最热门的话题,就考啥,而且没在怕的。似乎很看重学生对实事的分析能力,从各个科目的考题就能看出来了。
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-12-23 13:38:24 | 显示全部楼层
@Iquy
211 翻译硕士英语

单选--考固定搭配、语法多,结合新闻外刊来考。
有一题是机构用过的一篇讲翻译的文章,应该在《英语文摘》杂志2019上半年中的一篇文章中刊登过。
印象是没考名著挖空,感觉也没考近义词辨析

阅读--
1、教写作(黄金法则:read more and write more +多吸收各名家建议)
2、诺贝尔文学奖获得者(以今年的德国作家和另一位女作家,还有过往的一名作家为例)引发的争议

两篇阅读有考细节题、暗示题,其他题型不太记得有没有考。

3、亚马逊的机器学习算法---问一些文段里的话是什么意思、暗示了什么之类的。
4、美国学校上课时间调整。出于青少年的特点考虑,下午学习效率更高之类的。但是遭到一些机构和家长的反对(引用了加州教师协会的例子)
问答题和上文类似

(前两篇选择,后两篇问答)
总体来说比以往2010-2014的真题简单,比星火英语的专八也简单,不算很长,可能和大学英语六级阅读长度差不多,有些关键的生僻单词还给了中文注释。
题型和以往真题一致。

作文---今年的香港问题,
材料大致如下(两三句话):
有人认为香港暴徒的行为香港暴乱使其经济、社会、法治遭到严重威胁,影响了香港的法治,谈谈你对此的看法。
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-12-23 13:41:37 | 显示全部楼层
@IMPERTURBABLE
翻译硕士英语:
30个语法,都很简单。简单到不可思议。选项里一大堆错误的表达,用排除法都可以远处正确答案。
阅读,1关于如何写作:讲到两点,多写,多读
2.关于2019的两位诺贝尔文学奖获奖者在本国因其富有过去争议的政治背景和态度受到广泛的抨击。
简答题!3关于美国一些州Mississippi, Connecticut 等推迟上午上课时间的改革引起孩子们的欢迎家乡老师的反对,
4amazon公司的机器学习
作文
对于香港暴乱你的看法
给的资料大概说的是,香港有法治社会的美誉,如今却法治沦丧,被暴乱者毁了。
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-12-24 11:48:10 | 显示全部楼层
@Lara
    211翻译硕士英语
          part1
          选择题今年主要考察搭配,词汇的基本没有,相对来说比以往的真题要简单
          part2
          阅读的话也是相对来说简单,比较贴合生活实际
          part3
          今年作文考了香港问题,认为香港的暴力破环了香港的社会稳定和治安那些,问你的观点
          总体而言,今年基础英语的难度不大,但是主要是答题时间问题
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 楼主| 发表于 2019-12-24 11:57:24 | 显示全部楼层
@Shanshan0w0
翻硕英语
单选
总体上感觉整张翻硕英语词汇量要求只有专四出头的水平…
the speed of how Chinese infrastructure grow has been _______it almost reaches its limitation. (具体记得不是很清楚 但是意思就是这样)
a. such fast that  b. so fast that 还有两个选项记不清了
阅读
阅读选择题也比较浅,个人感觉比专四还简单。词汇也不是特别刁钻。
第一篇说的是近年来的诺贝尔文学奖越来越引发争议,并以近两年诺奖得主曾为民族大屠杀洗白的黑历史,作为例子来说明
第三篇讲述了亚马逊从1999年引进机器学习后一直运用到公司整个流程中,还详述了机器人在物流仓库中怎么样和人工一起合作,做到高效仓储
第四篇说的是,从前美国各州上学时间有早有晚,而后美国加州全州强制各学校早八点半上学,引发各界的争议。后来加州决定原则上试行三年,但是时间延长或者缩短则由各学区自己决定。结尾还揶揄了一番成年人,说孩子眼里成年人永远都在为任何改变发牢骚,一条主观题考了对这句揶揄的理解。
作文
材料是香港近来的暴力行为造成各方面的破坏,让大家对这事件发表看法
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